Archaeologists concluded that rituals of belief seemed to be practiced in the homes, where cultic artifacts have been found.
Bagnall, a specialist in Egyptian archaeology, remarked that at the time “Egyptians were certainly not making pottery like this.”A show catalog, published by Princeton University Press, is the first compendium in English of research on Old Europe discoveries. Although excavations over the last century uncovered traces of ancient settlements and the goddess figurines, it was not until local archaeologists in 1972 discovered a large fifth-millennium B. cemetery at Varna, Bulgaria, that they began to suspect these were not poor people living in unstructured egalitarian societies.
Even then, confined in cold war isolation behind the Iron Curtain, Bulgarians and Romanians were unable to spread their knowledge to the West.
Even before the Indo-European migration, that began around 4000 BC, several cultures had already appeared in Europe, particularly in the Balkans.
These are known collectively as Old European cultures: Linear Ceramic culture; Starcevo-Cris culture; Precucuteni culture; Cucuteni Trypillia culture; Vadastra culture; Vinca Turdash culture; Gumelnita Culture; Dudesti culture; Salcuta culture Cucuteni and Gumelnita Culture site at Cotatcu, Valea Morilor, Buzau, 6,000 BCLinear Pottery Culture Cernavoda Culture Starcevo-Koros-Cris Culture Mezolithic at Schela Cladovei, Mehedinti, and Lepenski Vir,8,000 BC Y-DNAThe Hungarian Point of View Venus de la Sint Petru German Before the glory that was Greece and Rome, even before the first cities of Mesopotamia or temples along the Nile, there lived in the Lower Danube Valley and the Balkan and Carpathian foothills people who were ahead of their time in art, technology and long-distance trade.
LIVING SPACE Artifacts from the Lower Danube Valley and the Balkan foothills are presented in an exhibition, “The Lost World of Old Europe,” at New York University’s Institute for the Study of the Ancient World. C., they farmed and built sizable towns, a few with as many as 2,000 dwellings.